[Learn English with us] Matariki 마타리키

[Learn English with us] Matariki 마타리키

뉴질랜드타임즈 댓글 0 조회 70 추천 1


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6월 24일은 마타리키 데이입니다. 2022년부터 마타리키는 공휴일로 지정되었습니다. 

마타리키가 무슨날인지 알고 계시나요? 


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The Matariki star cluster. 

The two meanings of Matariki both refer to stars: mata ariki (eyes of god) and mata riki (little eyes).

마타리키는 별을 뜻하는 두가지 의미가 있습니다.(mata ariki 신의 눈, mat ariki  작은 눈들)



Matariki star facts 마타리키에 대한 진실


1. The reappearance of the Matariki stars signals the beginning of the Māori New Year. 마타리키의 (재)등장은 마오리 새해를 알리는 신호이다.

However, not all iwi celebrate at the same time. Some may begin festivities on the first full moon after the star cluster rises, or on the next new moon.


2. Matariki is a star cluster, not a constellation.  마타리키는 별자리가 아닌 성단이다.

A cluster is a group of stars that are near each other in space. When seen from Earth, the stars in a constellation appear to be close together in a pattern, but they might actually be far from each other. There are about 500 stars in the Matariki cluster, but only six or seven are visible without a telescope.


3. You can see Matariki for yourself.  직접 눈으로 볼 수 있다.

From early June, before sunrise, look to the north-east horizon. Find the constellation Tautoru or Orion’s belt (sometimes called ‘the pot’). Trace a line northwards from the three stars of Tautoru. Look for a faint sparkle of tiny dots, about the same width as Tautoru is long. This is the Matariki star cluster. Matariki can also be seen during the summer months in this location of the sky after sunset.


4. Matariki is one of the star clusters nearest to Earth. 마타리키는 지구에 가장 가까운 성단 중 하나이다.

Compared with other star clusters, Matariki is close to Earth – but it’s still 440 light years away. If you drove there in a car at a speed of 100 kilometres an hour, you would arrive in 4.8 billion years!


5. Matariki has many different names around the world. 마타리키는 여러 나라에서 많은 다른 이름을 가지고 있다.

The star cluster is visible to the naked eye from most parts of our planet, and has many different names. In English, it is called the Pleiades (its ancient Greek name) or the Seven Sisters. The Hawaiian name is Makali‘i, or ‘eyes of royalty’, and in Japan it is Subaru, meaning ‘gathered together’.


6. Some iwi use Puanga (Rigel in the constellation Orion) as a signal for the new year. 어떤 Iwi 들은 Puanga를 새해의 신호로 사용한다.

Matariki’s reappearance in the north-east sky is not visible in all parts of New Zealand, especially in areas to the west of mountains. For some iwi in Taranaki and Whanganui, and on the West Coast of the South Island, the new year begins with the rising of Puanga.


7. In the past, tohunga looked to Matariki to predict if the next harvest would be abundant. 과거에 tohunga는 다음 해의 수확향이 풍족할지를 예측하고자 마타리키를 살펴보았다.

The brighter and clearer the stars seemed, the warmer the growing season would be, ensuring a good harvest.


8. Many iwi speak of the Matariki stars as a mother and her daughters. 많은 Iwi들은 마타리키 별들을 어머니와 딸들로 묘사한다.

The mother is Matariki, and her daughters are Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā, 

and Ururangi.


9. For some iwi, Matariki is connected to the creation story of Ranginui and Papatūānuku. 어떤 Iwi 들에게 마타리키는 Ranginui와 Papatuanuku 창조 설화와 연관되어 있다.


One Matariki story is about when Tāwhirimātea discovered that his parents Ranginui and Papatūānuku

had been separated. He tore out his eyes in anger and threw them into the sky – the stars are his seven eyes.


10. Matariki was used by the crews of voyaging waka. 마타리키는 항해하는 (카누)선원들이 사용했다.

Tohunga kōkōrangi used stars and star clusters such as Matariki to help them navigate great distances across the Pacific. Today, there is a revival of these traditional navigation skills. Crews have sailed double-hulled waka from as far as Rarotonga to Aotearoa New Zealand, guided only by traditional methods.


Maori 단어 설명

Iwi: Tribes                                   Tautoru : Orion's belt                            Tohunga : priests or experts 
upu-ā-nuku: star associated with everything that grows within the soil to be harvested or gathered for food
Tupu-ā-rangi: Atlas – one of the stars in Te Kāhui o Matariki, the Pleiades star cluster
Waipunarangi : star associated with the rain  
Waitī: star associated with all fresh water bodies and the food sources that are sustained by those waters    
Waitā: star associated with the ocean, and food sources within it.  
Ururangi: star associated with the winds                  Tāwhirimātea  god of the wind                      
Ranginui: Sky father                                                   Papatūānuku:  Earth mother  
Waka: canoe                                                               Tohunga kōkōrangi: expert astronomers
 
Quiz: How much do you know about Matariki and the Maramataka? 마타리키와 마라마타카에 대해 얼마나 알고 계신가요?

1. What does the reappearance of Matariki in mid-winter mark? 한겨울에 다시 나타나는 마타리키의 의미는?
a) Easter
b) The Maori New Year
c) Christmas
d) Winter Solstice

2. What is Matariki? 마타리키는 무엇인가요?
a) A star constellation
b) A single star
c) A star cluster
d) A shooting star

3. How is Matariki generally celebrated? 마타리키는 어떻게 기념하나요?
a) Eating
b) Entertainment
c) Remembering ancestors
d) All of the above

4. What month in winter does Matariki reapper in New Zealand’s sky? 마타리키는 뉴질랜드의 하늘에는 몇월에 다시 나타날까요?
a) May
b) June
c) July
d) All of the above  

5. Matariki marks the beginning of the Maori New Year, but what is the whole lunar calendar called? 마타리키는 마오리 새해의 시작을 의미하지만, 음력 전체를 뭐라고 부르나요?
a) Rangi
b) Maramataka
c) Rataka
d) Po

6. Traditionally, what was the Maramataka used for? 전통적으로, 마라마타카는 무엇에 사용되었나요?
a) To guide fishing and gardening
b) To guide when to run a hui/event
c) To seek ancestral guidance
d) All of the above

7. Which of these naems appears in the Maramataka? 마라마타카에 등장하는 이름은 무엇인가요?
a) Iwi
b) Rakaunui
c) Waka
d) Whenua

8. Which of these names is not another name for Matariki? 다음중 마타리키의 다른 이름이 아닌 것은?
a) Subaru
b) Makahiki
c) Tangaroa
d) Pleiades


정답 :  1. b     2. c     3. d    4. d    5. b    6. d     7. b     8. c 

(Resource: https://www.tepapa.govt.nz)


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